Note: Insha’allah the November Monthly Tarbiyyah Programme Quiz shall be based on this article.


Imam Shafi'ee (Rahmatullahi alayh)


Imam Shafi'ee (Rahmatullahi alayh)'s name was Muhammad. His father's name was Idress. He was born in Ghazah, Palestine in the year 150 AH. Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh) was a descendent from the Hashimi family of the Quaraish tribe to which or beloved Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) belonged. His father died around the time of his birth and his mother migrated to Makkah Mukarramah with Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh) when he was 2 years of age.

During his youth Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh) excelled in 2 activities: acquisition of deeni ilm and archery. By the age of 7 Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh) had memorised the Glorious Qur’an and at ten years of age he had committed the Mu’atta of Imam Malik (a Hadith Kitab) to memory.

At the age of 13 with his mother’s permission Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh) departed Makkah mukarramah and arrived in Madinah munawwarah at the door of Imam Malik (Rahmatullahi alayh).

Amongst his famous teachers are his uncle, Muhammed Ibn Ali Ibn Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh), Imam Malik (Rahmatullahi alayh), Imam Muhammad ibnul Hassan Shaybanee (Rahmatullahi alayh), Imam Waqee’ (Rahmatullahi alayh) and Imam Sufyan ibn Uyaynah (Rahmatullahi alayh).

Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh) is reported to have written over 150 books.

Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh) was an expert in both Hanafi and Maliki fiqh. From which came about the Shafi’ee fiqh, which was spread by his students.

Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh) is a great role model, for both men and women. Never did he speak a lie, and he spent on the poor generously.

Imam Muhammad (Rahmatullahi alayh) said about him: The door of Fiqh was shut to the people, Allah ta'la opened it because of Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh).

Imam Shafi’ee (Rahmatullahi alayh) passed away in Cairo, Egypt, on Friday evening after Maghrib, in RAJAB, 204 A.H. after a short illness at the age of 54 years.


Go to top