Note: Insha’allah the October Monthly Tarbiyyah Programme Quiz shall be based on this article.


Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi alayh) 

Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi alayh) was born in Kufa, Iraq in the year 80 A.H. He was the son of a Persian merchant and his full name is Nu’man bin Thabit ibn Zauti (more famously known in Islamic History as ‘Imam Abu Hanifah’ and ‘Imam A’zam’).

His father – Thabit – was privileged to meet Hazrat Ali (Radiyallahu anhu) who had at the time, made Kufa his capital. Kufa, at the time of Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi alayh) was one the most important learning centres in the Islamic world and was blessed with the presence of over a thousand sahabah (Radiyallahu anhum) at one stage in its history.

Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi alayh) is himself also a Tabi’ee (One who saw and benefited from at least one Sahabi).

At the age of 20, Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi alayh) turned his attention towards the pursuit of advancing his Islamic knowledge.

Imam Abu Hanifah benefited from nearly 4,000 Sheikhs. Among his 1st and the most important tutors was Imam Hammad (Died 120 A.H.) whose educational lineage is linked with Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood (R.A.). Such was his respect for his tutor, Imam Hammad, that Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi alayh) says; whilst in my home I never even stretched my legs towards the house of my tutor, despite living 7 streets away.

Imam Abu Hanifah (R.A.) had joined his father’s business wherein he showed scrupulous honesty and fairness. Once his agent had sold a consignment of silk cloth on his behalf but forgot to mention a slight defect to the customers. When Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi alayh) learnt of this, he was greatly distressed because he had no means of refunding the customers; so he immediately ordered the entire proceeds of the sale (30,000 Dirhams ) to be given in charity.

Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi alayh) was also keenly interested in education. He established a school at Kufa, which later became a famous College of Theology. Here he delivered lectures on Islamic Law and related subjects.

Fiqh or Islamic Law was systematically studied by his students under his expert guidance. A large number of his devoted and highly intelligent students worked under him for 30 years, and it is the labour of these students that gave us the Hanafi School of thought.

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