Imam Muslim and others have recorded on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Malik Al-Ash’ari (radiyallahu ‘anhu) that the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
"Tuhur (Purity) is half of faith".

‘Allamah Ibn Rajab Al-Hambali (rahimahullah) has mentioned that the correct opinion, which majority of the ‘Ulama have held, is that the word طهور (Tuhur), in this Hadith, refers to the usage of water to purify one’s self. This could also be referred to as wudu. Based on this, various explanations have been given as to the correlation between wudu and Iman.

One of the explanations that have been given is that “Iman” refers to the characteristics or qualities of Iman. Since every characteristic or quality of Iman ultimately leads to the purification of one’s body or soul, they can be divided into two groups; one resulting in outer purification (i.e purification of one’s body, appearance, etiquette, etc.), and the other in inner purification (i.e purification of the soul from spiritual maladies such as jealousy, pride, etc.).

Wudu physically cleanses the body and purifies it. Hence, it resembles that “half of Iman” which pertains to the outer purification.

 

Another explanation which the Muhaddithun have given, is that Iman refers to Salah. [like is the caes in Surah Baqarah, verse: 143]

Since Wudu is a condition for the validity of Salah, it has been referred to as half of it.

 

 

 

The Month of Sha‘bān

Sha‘bān, the eighth Islamic month is a month of virtues, blessings and greatness. It is due to this virtue and greatness that the Prophet s has emphasised its importance in the Ahādeeth.

Usāmah t asked, "O Rasūlullāh s I do not see you fasting in any month as much as in Sha‘bān.” He replied, “It is a month people are negligent of between Rajab and Ramadhān. It is a month in which deeds are raised towards the Lord of the worlds. Therefore, I like my deeds to be raised whilst I am fasting."

(Nasa’ī)

‘Ā’ishah t narrates, "…I never saw Rasūlullāh s fasting for a whole month except the month of Ramadhān and did not see him fasting in any month more than in the month of Sha‘bān."

(Bukhārī, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd, Nasa’ī) ‘Ā’ishah t narrates, "Rasūlullāh s used to fast the (whole) month of Sha‘bān except for a few days."

(Nasa’ī) Fifteenth of Sha‘bān

Amongst the days and nights of Sha‘bān, there is one night called Laylat-al-Barā’at or Shabe Barā’at, a night known for its great blessings and merits. Abū Mūsā Al-Ash'arī t narrates that the Messenger of Allāh s said, "In the fifteenth night of Sha'bān, Allāh S manifests and forgives all His creation except for the Mushrik (idolater) and the spiteful."

(Ibn Mājah)

The Fast of the Fifteenth

The fast of the 15th of Sha'bān cannot be termed as Sunnah or Mustahab. However, the fast could be kept without taking it as a Sunnah or Mustahab considering that: a) The fasts of the first half of Sha'bān have special merits as can be seen from the practice of the

Rasoolullah s. b) The virtues of the fasts of Ayyām-al-Bīdh (i.e. 13th, 14th and 15th of the Islamic month) have been mentioned in the ahādeeth.

 

Recommended Deeds

(1) It is desirable that one fasts in the month of Sha‘bān as much as one can. However, if fasting in Sha‘bān is going to affect the fasting of Ramadhān then one should refrain from it.

 

(2) Salāh should be performed in Jamā‘ah (congregation) everyday, However, on this auspicious night, one must participate with special care in the Maghrib, ‘Ishā and Fajr Salāh. (3) Spend as much time of the night as possible in worship individually. One may engage in dhikr, recitation of the Qur’ān, salāh, learning and teaching or any other form of ‘ibādah. However, one must refrain from worldly talk and futile activities. If one cannot do 'ibādah then at least refrain from all types of sins.

One must strive to attain the full blessings and benefits of this night and refrain in particular from all those practices which have no basis in the Qur’ān and Sunnah. Indeed, this night is a great favour of Allāh S for the believers.

May Allāh S guide us all on the straight path and enlighten us with the blessings of this sacred month and its blessed night. Āmeen.

Go to top